Week 1 Discussion 1


No child Left Behind 1968– “This law, which reauthorizes the ESEA of 1965 and replaces the Bilingual Education Act of 1968, mandates high-stakes student testing, holds schools accountable for student achievement levels, and provides penalties for schools that do not make adequate yearly progress toward meeting the goals of NCLB” (Sass, E. J. (2020, December 22).This law was designed to help raise test scores and help schools with low achieving.

Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka 1954The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case desegregated America’s public schools, but most minority students still attend schools where they are the majority. “On May 17th, the U.S. Supreme Court announces its decision in the case of Brown v. Board. of Education of Topeka, ruling that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal,” thus overturning its previous ruling in the 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson.   Brown v. Board of Education is actually a combination of five cases from different parts of the country. It is a historic first step in the long and still unfinished journey toward equality in U.S. education”( Sass, E. J. (2021, March 13).

1965 – The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is passed on April 9. It provides federal funds to help low-income students, which results in the initiation of educational programs such as Title I and bilingual education. (Sass, E. J. (2021, March 13). The ESEA helps close the gap between low- and high-income students. It is one of the largest federal funds in the United States. Title 1 is part of the No Child Left Behind.

2020 – On March 11the World Health Organization declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Two days later, President Trump declares a national emergency. States close schools, and many colleges and universities suspend “in-person classes.” (Sass, E. J. (2021, March 13). This was one of the longest shutdown that schools had experience. During this time education seemed to have come to a stop. Virtual education was introduced to so many students. This national wide global pandemic Covid 19 made education become a real crisis.




Sass, E. J. (2020, December 22). American educational history: Some helpful links (Links to an external site.). American Educational History.

Sass, E. J. (2021, March 13). American educational history: A hypertext timeline (Links to an external site.). American Educational History.